Conference Notes with Sharath Jois: KPJAYI, 8 January 2012
This is an extract of an edited transcript from a conference with Sharath at KPJAYI in Mysore, India given on the 8th of January 2012.
In this conference Sharath spoke on a number of different topics. He started by discussing the need for students to persevere with practice for a long time. Sharath commented that many places offer the fast track to certification, as well as all kinds of new variations on yoga invented as ways to ‘sell’ yoga to people. He talked about the need to practice authentic yoga that has not been adulterated, that is from a lineage (paramparā), and that we need to practice for a long time with faith and devotion to truly understand it’s transformative effects and the great benefits that can be reaped.
In this modern world, everything is instant. No one has patience. Everyone wants to have [everything] as soon as possible. In yoga also it has become like that. Many places you go, they certify you in 15 days, one month. Always someone who’s coming to India, they think, “Oh, I’ll be here for one month, I should get a certificate that I’m studying here.” We get many phone calls. Last week also there were three phone calls, one from Delhi, one from England, another from America. Straight away they said “Oh, do you have teacher training.” Yoga is getting big but it is getting crazy also. It’s not that yoga is crazy. People are making it crazy. They’re not understanding the sense of yoga, the purity of yoga. A yoga teacher should always maintain the purity of the practice.
You know when I was a child, whenever I used to see a Chinese or a Japanese, I thought they knew Karate. We used to stay away from them because we thought they knew Karate. Because we had been to see ‘Enter the Dragon,’ the Bruce Lee movie. Then there was no television or anything, the only entertainment was to go to a theatrer and watch a movie. So, we watched that movie, and we thought every Chinese, Japanese knows martial arts. So he can beat us up, so stay away from them. And now [the] same thing has happened to yoga. Whoever looks like an Indian, if he is dressed in a saffron, or even a lungi (traditional South Indian dress), he becomes a yogī. Many yogīs are sprouting up everywhere. Why I’m saying this is, for a practitioner [of yoga] it is very important to choose your teacher. A teacher who can guide you properly. A teacher who knows, who has been practicing for many years, who has come from a lineage. That is very important.
Sharath quotes from Bhagavad Gītā Ch 4, vs 1-2
imam vivasvate yogaṁ proktavānahamavyayam |
vivasvānmanave prāha manurikṣvākave-bravīt ||
evaṃ paramparāprāptamimaṁ rājarṣayo viduḥ |
sa kāleneha mahatā yogo naṣṭaḥ parantapa ||
I revealed this immortal yoga to Vivasvān (Sun God); Vivasvān conveyed it to Manu, (his son); and Manu imparted it to (his son) Ikṣvāku. Thus transmitted in succession from father to son, Arjuna, this yoga remained known to the Rāja Ṛṣis (royal sages). Through long lapse of time, this yoga has got lost to the world. (Translation from Śrīmad Bhagavad Gītā published by Gita Press, Gorakhpur)
The Baghavad Gītā is a very big, is a beautiful book. It says – eighteen chapters – it all says about yoga practice. How one should learn yoga through paramparā. Paramparā is learning through a lineage. Like how Krishnamacharya learned from Ramamohan Brahmachari, Pattabhi Jois learned from Krishnamacharya. You know it’s a lineage, its not like a cell phone booth you open here (pointing outside). Every street has a cell phone booth. A correct Sādhaka (practitioner), Sādhana (practice) is very important to transmit from a teacher to his students. For a teacher to transmit the knowledge to his students, first he has to learn it for many years. He has to experience it within him[self]. Then only it is possible to transfer the correct method to his students.
Now days you get so many videos on You-tube, it is very difficult to make out which is circus, which is yoga, which is what. All crazy yogas. All different stupid yogas. For everything they join yoga. Nakid Yoga! What is this nonsense? Kookoo yoga. Hot Yoga. What is Hot Yoga? Hoot Yoga, Heat Yoga, Bang Yoga, all these crazy yogas, for everything they join yoga. But it is our duty, being a practitioner of yoga. Some of you are also teaching. It is very important to keep the purity. If we don’t keep the purity within us, in another ten years, fifteen years, yoga will have a different meaning. Yoga is described in many different ways:
1. Union, union of the jīvātma or individual soul when it gets connected or joins with the supreme soul is called as ‘yoga.’
2. Or, yoga is the way of [to obtain] mokṣa (liberation)
3. Liberation [itself] is called as ‘yoga.’
So there are different explanations for yoga. It can be experienced in different ways. Once you become one with everything, it becomes yoga. So that’s union, we call it. So for yoga, to practice yoga, sādhana (practice) is very important. If you do it for one year, two years, three years, you won’t go to the depth of yoga. If you want to go deep…if you just keep on sailing in the sea it will never end. You’ll get bored. You’ll get bored and you won’t learn anything. Once you dive inside the sea, once you go deeper inside the sea, you can see the beauty of the sea. …Once you go deeper in your practice, you can experience so many good things. Different things, which our practice can give us. This can be experienced only when we have devotion, dedication, discipline and determination – Four D’s. All these are very important in our practice. You know yogīs have a disciplined life. Why we have a disciplined life? Because our mind shouldn’t get cañcala. Cañcala means distracted. If I go for a party late…for example, I’ll tell you, every day I get up at one O’clock [am to practice. One day I get bored and I go to a party…then I go and fight with somebody…then my mind becomes distracted. Next day I think, “Oh why did I do that?” We don’t want to create circumstances that make us do something….after fifteen days I think, “Oh, why did I do that.” But the yogī’s mind, by practicing every day, day by day, yoga gets stronger within you, and your mind doesn’t sit still, it thinks about ‘what is yoga?’ Those kind of thoughts should come within you. What is ahiṁsā (non-violence), what is satya, (truth)?’ These kinds of thoughts should come within you when you are practicing āsanas. When you’re practicing yoga these kinds of thoughts should come within you. Then automatically it comes within you, you will start to think “Oh, ahimsā.” When non-violence comes, as being a practitioner, I should follow this. So when you follow that there’ll be no conflicts. Like that each yama, niyama, the ten sub limbs….. develop strongly within us, once it gets stronger and stronger we get a better meaning to our practice. If I just keep on doing āsanas without thinking anything, not getting those kinds of thoughts…it will just become like working out in a gym, lifting weights… What is the use of that? A beautiful body what’s the use if you don’t have a good heart. Without a good heart, good thinking is of no use.
So this āsana is the foundation for our spiritual practice. To build a spiritual building first the foundation should be proper. So once we are not disturbed by these many things, all you have is purity inside you. Is it not true? So that is the transformation if you do it for a long time when we have dedication, devotion towards the practice – śraddhāvāṁ labhate jñānaṁ – śraddha –who has devotion, faith in their practice, he can get the knowledge, he can realize the purity of our practice. If you are very ignorant, if you do for twenty-five, thirty years also, you won’t realize what it is. It just becomes physical. Once we realize that, the transformation that is trying to happen within you, then you’ll get a beautiful meaning to your practice. It is a development which should happen slowly….when we take birth, how we make this body, slowly we grow our body…. So when we are a baby there are many things we don’t know….when we are a child it’s all imagination. Is it not true? It’s all fantasy when we are children. Yoga also starts like that….. but as you get older and wiser in practice, the meaning also changes.…..Early on yoga practice was not wise enough. As you go deeper, practice becomes deeper, wiser. Like a plant in the ground, it must be nourished properly to make it grow…. Once you nourish the plant properly the plant will grow and a flower will blossom. If you don’t nourish the roots then the flower will never blossom. Exactly like that, for āsana, yama, niyama are the nourishment which our mind needs to get. Done like that then the yoga will grow and it will blossom within us. For this it doesn’t happen that easily. To gain something you have to lose something – here you’re losing all the bad things – many things you have to sacrifice….This is what I have learned from, from whom?…My influence is my grandfather [Guruji]. Every day at 3:30am, he was chanting, ready by 4:00am to teach classes. [I learned] by watching him and assisting him for many years.
The relationship between a Guru and Śiṣya is like father and son relation. The same [relationship] was between Krishnamacharya and Pattabhi Jois, and one more student Mahadeva Bhat (Guruji’s fellow student). [Guruji] did practice in the morning, theory at 12:00pm every day [with Krishnamacharya]. Like that only the knowledge will transfer to students. In this instant world nobody has the patience. All they want is a piece of paper – what is a piece of paper, which is of no use….The real yoga practitioner doesn’t care if he’s certified, yoga keeps happening within him. The yoga gets stronger and stronger within him. So why I’m telling this is many people have different opinions, different imagination about yoga. If you jump back properly that means you’re a yogī! Who can do handstand is a big yogī… We have to improve our knowledge, improve our yogic knowledge, spiritual knowledge. Once we improve that within us, then we are trying to become yogīs. Now days everybody puts “Yogīs, Yoginīs, we have a party please come.” Yogīs and Yoginīs never go to parties….[A] yogī wants to be silent, to sit, be calm, [to] do his practice. We are still trying to become yogīs still trying to become yoginīs. Still going in that direction but not yet reached. Some are very far, some are ahead, once we get enlightened, we have reached [the end]. What we do in this life carries on to the next life.
 The quote comes from Bhagavad Gītā, chapter 4, verse 39. śraddhāvāṁ labhate jñānaṁ tat paraḥ saṁyatendriyaḥ, jñānaṁ labdhvā parāṁ śāntim acireṇādhigacchati.
The man with śraddhā, the devoted, the master of one’s senses, attains [this] knowledge. Having attained knowledge, one goes at once to the Supreme Peace
By Andrew Hillam